Application Notes

Here Kingfisher's experienced engineers share their experience in best practices and procedures for fiber optic testing related mostly to installation and maintenance. We hope that by sharing our knowledge, we will help grow our industry. Please enjoy & pass on these notes. Alternatively, browse Standards related Test Procedures, Equipment & Reporting

Loop-back loss test procedure using a source & meter, or one LTS.

For standards compliant test procedures & equipment, please refer to Standards Center. For more background theory, please read on...


In this example, a fiber loopback test is performed from one end of a link, so it is generally much faster than Example 1. The other end is looped back. The pass / fail uncertainty of each fiber increases as more loops are added, so this method is best suited to situations where relaxed specifications can be accepted. Therefore, this may be unsuitable for long distance links. This arrangement may also be useful to verify links while jumping a repeater site.

The Bi-directional method could also be performed easily, which would help compensate for the reduced accuracy.

Communication from end to end is not required.

It makes very little difference if a source and meter, or an integrated LTS is used.


The actual method of operation for a fiber loop test is the same as Example 1, except that:

  • The DUT comprises two or more fibers, and fiber optic loopback devices need to be arranged.
  • Allowance needs to be made for extra optical loopback losses.
  • Due to the higher uncertainty, marginal results may require additional validation using Example 1.

In this situation 'Autotest' type features can result in better measurement confidence, lower skill requirements and twice the productivity for dual wavelength measurements, since both wavelengths are measured in one operation.


Loopback Loss Test Procedure


Connectorised link Connectorized link
Test Patch Lead Patch Cord
Test Through Adpator Through adaptor
Source, incl. mandrel wrap if multimode Source, incl. mandrel wrap if multimode
Meter Meter
DUT Device Under Test DUT Device Under Test (system being tested)

[instructions on use of the relative mode are in italics]


© Kingfisher International, Australia, ABN 51 007 250 213